This is Hope, compares the outcomes of two human ecologies; one is tragic, the other is full of promise. It describes in depth our current human ecology to illustrate how we are living inappropriately, cruelly, and unsustainably. Anderson says that the way we currently live is obsolete and has been for a long time. He suggests that our current human ecology is the cause of our overpopulation, our overconsumption of resources, the poverty of ecosystems and people, and our disregard for the rights of individuals from other species. This is Hope proposes a new human ecology.